A crucial part of the Eco-Score
A product’s Eco-Score is based on its life cycle assessment and the bonus-malus system. The latter looks at five indicators: production method, origin, environmental policy of the country of origin, packaging and the impact on biodiversity. Sounds a bit confusing? Allow Vinz to explain it in a nutshell!
Eco-Score: the 5 bonus-malus indicators
The production method can improve a product’s Eco-Score if, for example, an effort is made to limit CO2 emissions. Conversely, the production method can also have a negative effect.
How far does a product have to travel from the country of cultivation to the country of sale? And what is the means of transportation? Both factors affect the Eco-Score.
When it comes to origin, we don't just look at the distance the product has to travel. We also examine the environmental policy of the country of origin. The better the policy, the higher the product’s Eco-Score.
A product’s packaging also plays a role in the bonus-malus calculation. Non-recyclable packaging, for instance, automatically leads to penalty points.
Some products have a negative impact on biodiversity, e.g. because they cause deforestation or overfishing. If that is the case, their Eco-score is lowered. Naturally, however, bonus points are given to products that have a positive impact on biodiversity.